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This page contains links to IPCRG and FRESH AIR films, training resources, conference abstracts and publications. It also contains reading lists of other relevant material

Final FRESH AIR presentation 

Click here to download the FRESHAIR infographic in slide form, this has been kindly produced for us by ELF.

The FRESH AIR infographic

A new infographic is now available as key dissemination tool. The infographic shares key results and outcomes from the project. The document can either be printed and distributed or shared online to help all project partners share key findings, outcomes and the next steps. 

Download the print-ready PDF

Download the online PDF 

IPCRG resources including original FRESH AIR studies

FRESH AIR publications and resources funded by EU Horizon 2020 Framework

Earlier FRESH AIR Conference abstracts 


  • Dr Vinh, Vietnam, appears on Vietnamese livestreamed talkshow to talk about impact of indoor and outdoor air pollution to health and how to prevent this. This 1-hour show reached > 20 k of views after 2 days.   16 October 2019. Click here to access the video.

ERS 2018

IPCRG 2017

  • Click here for an overview of all abstracts 

Afbeeldingsresultaat voor ipcrg ljubljana

Original FRESH AIR studies, before funding under the EU Horizon 2020 Framework

Conference posters

Publications FRESH AIR

All publications resulting from the FRESH AIR Horizon 2020 will be published using Open Access.  

IPCRG 2018 abstract books:

Applied Clinical Research and Implementation Science Abstracts

Research Ideas Abstracts 

Quality Improvement and Service Development Abstracts

Publications from GACD - the FRESH AIR funder

ERS 2017

Afbeeldingsresultaat voor ers milan

Training recources

Research Methods

  • Global Health Trials"This web-based facility has been developed by a collaboration between many research organisations (listed below) that work in the field of global health.  It is open access and free. The ethos of this initiative is that those working on trials in resource limited setting can access each other; whatever their role and whatever disease they work on. Researchers can then work together to share guidance, tools and resources in order to improve trials and make them easier to conduct, thereby helping address questions around diseases of poverty. This site also provides guidance material, standard documents and training resources."
  • Participatory Ethnographic Evaluation and Research (PEER)   "It is an innovative approach to qualitative research. It was developed by Options experts, in collaboration with Swansea University. Members of a community (PEER researchers) are trained to carry out in-depth conversational interviews with friends in their social networks. By working with established relationships of trust between friends, PEER generates rich insights into how people view their world, and how they make decisions on key issues. The PEER process enables programmes to engage communities in discussions, and ensures that the views of marginalised and disadvantaged groups can be heard. PEER is designed to be rapid, easy to replicate, and useful in a wide variety of different settings. Over the last ten years, in countries across Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and in the UK".

Recommended reading and resources

Latest data

  •  WHO Tobacco Factsheet
  • GBD 2015 Chronic Respiratory Disease Collaborators. Global, regional, and national deaths, prevalence, disability-adjusted life years, and years lived with disability for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet Resp Med 2017 DOI:


General respiratory medicine

Respiratory disease globally

  • Kirenga BJ, de Jong C, Mugenyi L, et al. Rates of asthma exacerbations and mortality and associated factors in Uganda: a 2-year prospective cohort study. Thorax 2018;73:983–985 (free)
  • Forum of International Respiratory Societies. The Global Impact of Respiratory Disease – Second Edition. Sheffield, European Respiratory Society, 2017. Available from:
  • North CM, Valeri L, Hunt PW, et al. Cooking fuel and respiratory symptoms among people living with HIV in rural Uganda. ERJ Open Research. 2017;3(2):00094-02016. doi:10.1183/23120541.00094-2016.
  • Townend J, Minelli C, Mortimer K, Obaseki DO, Al Ghobain M, Cherkaski H, et al. The association between chronic airflow obstruction and poverty in 12 sites of the multinational BOLD study. Eur Respir J [Internet]. 2017 Jun 1;49(6). Available from:

Primary care and universal health coverage

Early lung development and impact on the development of COPD

Air pollution and health

Task-shifting and task-sharing

  • Maher D, Cometto G. Research on community-based health workers is needed to achieve the sustainable development goals. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2016;94:786. doi:
  • Joshi R, Alim M, Kengne AP, Jan S, Maulik PK, Peiris D, et al. Task shifting for non-communicable disease management in low and middle income countries - A systematic review. PLoS One. 2014;9(8)
  • Praveen D, Patel A, McMahon S, Prabhakaran D, Clifford GD, Maulik PK, et al. A multifaceted strategy using mobile technology to assist rural primary healthcare doctors and frontline health workers in cardiovascular disease risk management: protocol for the SMARTHealth India cluster randomised controlled trial. Implement Sci [Internet]. 2013;8:137. Available from:

PACK programme: See  

  • Cornick RWattrus CEastman T, et al Crossing borders: the PACK experience of spreading a complex health system intervention across low-income and middle-income countries

  • Fairall L, Bateman E, Cornick R, et al. Innovating to improve primary care in less developed countries: towards a global model. BMJ Innov. 2015;1:196-203.
  • Fairall LR, Folb N, Timmerman V, Lombard C, Steyn K, Bachmann MO, Bateman ED, Lund C, Cornick R, Faris G, Gaziano T, Georgeu-Pepper D, Zwarenstein M, Levitt NS. Educational outreach with an integrated clinical tool for nurse-led non-communicable chronic disease management in primary care in South Africa: a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial. PLOS Med 2016; 13(11):e1002178. doi:10:1371/journal.pmed.1002178
  • Bateman ED. Integrated clinical management tools for respiratory diseases: lessons from PAL in sub-Saharan Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016 Apr;20(4):429. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.16.0116
  • Petersen I, Fairall L, Egbe CO, Bhana A. Optimizing Lay Counsellor Services for Chronic Care in South Africa: A Qualitative Systematic Review. Patient Education and Counselling. Patient Educ Couns. 2014 May;95(2):201-10
  • Barton GR, Fairall L, Bachmann MO, Uebel K, Timmerman V, Lombard C, Zwarenstein M. Cost-effectiveness of nurse-led versus doctor-led antiretroviral treatment in South Africa: pragmatic cluster randomised trial. 2013;18(6):769-77. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12093. 
  • Fairall LR, Bachmann MO, Lombard C, et al. Task shifting of antiretroviral treatment from doctors to primary-care nurses in South Africa (STRETCH): a pragmatic, parallel, cluster-randomised trial. Lancet. 2012;380:889–98.
  • Georgeu D, Colvin CJ, Lewin S, et al. Implementing nurse-initiated and managed antiretroviral treatment (NIMART) in South Africa: qualitative process evaluation of the STRETCH trial. Implement Sci. 2012; 7:66.
  • Mash B, Fairall LR, Adejayan O, Ikpefan O, Kumari J, Mathee S, Okun R, Yogolelo W. A morbidity survey of South African primary care. Plos Medicine. PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e32358.
  • Zwarenstein M, Fairall LR, Lombard C, et al. Outreach education for integration of HIV/AIDS care, antiretroviral treatment, and tuberculosis care in primary care clinics in South Africa: PALSA PLUS pragmatic cluster randomised trial. BMJ. 2011;342:d2022.
  • Additional PACK references

Implementation Science paper

  • Ovretveit, J.Mittman, B.Rubenstein, L. and Ganz, D. (2017), "Using implementation tools to design and conduct quality improvement projects for faster and more effective improvement", International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, Vol. 30 No. 8, pp. 755-768.

  • Prashanth, N.S., Marchal, B., Devadasan, N. et al. Advancing the application of systems thinking in health: a realist evaluation of a capacity building programme for district managers in Tumkur, India. Health Res Policy Sys 12, 42 (2014) doi:10.1186/1478-4505-12-42

  • Presseau, J., McCleary, N., Lorencatto, F. et al. Action, actor, context, target, time (AACTT): a framework for specifying behaviour. Implementation Sci 14, 102 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13012-019-0951-x

  • Movsisyan, A., Arnold, L., Evans, R. et al. Adapting evidence-informed complex population health interventions for new contexts: a systematic review of guidance. Implementation Sci 14, 105 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13012-019-0956-5

  • Alonge ORodriguez DCBrandes N, et al How is implementation research applied to advance health in low-income and middle-income countries? 

  • Theobald S, Brandes N, Gyapong M, El-saharty S, Proctor E, Diaz T, et al. Health Policy Implementation research : new imperatives and opportunities in global health. Lancet [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2018;6736(18). Available from:

  • Yapa HM, Bärnighausen T. Implementation science in resource-poor countries and communities. Implement Sci. Implementation Science; 2018;13(1):1–13. 

  • Sarkies MN et al. The effectiveness of research implementation strategies for promoting evidence-informed policy and management decisions in healthcare: a systematic review. doi: 10.1186/s13012-017-0662-0.

  • Pinnock H, Sheikh A. Standards for reporting implementation studies ( StaRI ): enhancing reporting to improve care. npj Prim Care Respir Med [Internet]. Springer US; 2017;(May):1–2. Available from:

  • Pinnock H, Barwick M, Carpenter CR, Eldridge S, Grandes G, Griffiths CJ et al. Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) Statement BMJ 2017; 356 :i6795. Available at:
  • Pinnock H, Barwick M, Carpenter CR for the StaRI Group, et al Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI): explanation and elaboration document BMJ Open 2017;7:e013318. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013318. Available at:
  • Moore GF, Audrey S, Barker M, Bond L, Bonell C, Hardeman W, et al. Process evaluation of complex interventions : Medical Research Council guidance. :1–7. Available from:
  • Bauer, MS,  Damschroder L,  Hagedorn H,  Smith J, Kilbourne AM. 2015. An introduction to implementation science for the non-specialist. BMC Psychology 3 (1): 32. doi:10.1186/s40359-015-0089-9.
  • Hawe P. Lessons from Complex Interventions to Improve Health. Annu Rev Public Health [Internet]. Annual Reviews; 2015 Mar 18;36(1):307–23. Available from:
  • Hawe P, Shiell A, Riley T. Theorising Interventions as Events in Systems. Am J Community Psychol [Internet]. 2009;43(3):267–76. Available from:
  • Tomoaia-cotisel A, Scammon DL, Waitzman NJ, Cronholm PF, Driscoll DL, Solberg LI, et al. Context Matters : The Experience. Ann Fam Med. 2013;11(Supp 1):115–23.

  • Hales S, Lesher-trevino A, Ford N, Maher D, Tran N. Reporting guidelines for implementation and operational research. Bull World Heal Organ. 2016;94(November 2015):58–64.
  • World Health Organization/TDR. 2014. Implementation research toolkit. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization on behalf of the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical diseases.
  • Glandon D, Paina L, Alonge O, Peters DH, Bennett S. 10 Best resources for community engagement in implementation research. Health Policy Plan [Internet]. 2017;(November):1–9. Available from:

Evidence-based medicine resources

Workforce resources